In which way can the verb "allow" be used? There is always some confusion and apparently it"s often intuitively used wrongly. Which form corresponds lớn correct English, eventually depending on context (see below)?

1: allow + lớn + infinitive: It allows to vày something.

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2: allow + verb+ -ing: It allows doing something.

3: allow + pronoun + khổng lồ + infinitive: It allows me to vì chưng something.

4: allow + pronoun + verb+ -ing: It allows me doing something.

5: allow + noun: It allows something,

6: allow + noun + verb: It allows something to be done.

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This question has previously been asked & answered on ELU. Lớn summarise, there are three different syntactic constructions for the verb allow...

1: With a gerund complement indicating what is allowed:Mama don"t allow no drumming (non-standard English for Mama doesn"t allow drumming)Nor does she allow smoking reefers (perfectly valid example of a gerund complement)

This construction does not normally accept a patient/object (the person/thing being allowed to bởi something). You sometimes see things like "She doesn"t allow JJ Cale smoking reefers", but most native speakers vị not lượt thích that much (it should be "She does not allow JJ Cale to smoke reefers", per #3 below).

2: With a noun phrase object indicating what is allowed:Some states bởi not allow abortionThis school allows the use of computers during exams

3: With a noun phrase patient/object & an infinitive complement (what they"re being allowed to do):He won"t allow me lớn leaveSome states allow automatic weapons to be kept at home

It is worth noting that last example, showing that the "patient" direct object (who/what is being allowed to do something) doesn"t need to lớn be a person (in this case, it"s automatic weapons).

It"s also worth noting that you may see things lượt thích "The máy tính bảng ipad allows khổng lồ surf the internet on the move", with no "patient" object. These are not considered grammatical (they"re usually from non-native speakers).

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(In case it is not obvious from the above, OP"s #1 is ungrammatical. All the others are fine.)

I cannot find any specific questions about the closely-related verb let on either thutrang.edu.vn or ELU, but I"ll just make one final point here. Be aware that syntactically, let doesn"t work exactly the same as allow.